Integrated Rural Development (IRD) is a dual concept that focuses on improving the overall quality of the lives of people living in rural areas while also focusing on meeting their basic daily needs. In developing countries, agriculture supports the livelihoods of a great deal of its populace. It is the main driver of rural development and economic growth. This book pays particular attention to the features of the current wave of globalization. It examines the vital role agriculture plays in the development of a country. It explores the impact of the current wave of globalization that is driven majorly by technological advancements in Information, Communication and Telecommunication (ICT) technologies in agriculture and rural development. Specially, it focuses on the adoption of modern agricultural technologies in developing countries, the role of agriculture in rural development, the position of ICT in agricultural transformation, agricultural production in the face of climate change and the political economy of the agricultural sector.