The capacity to concentrate and comprehend spoken language of multiple expressions (i.e., listening comprehension) is one of the essential aspect talents in literacy. In this book, the authors assess theoretical frameworks and empirical proof of listening comprehension and development, and propose an immediate and mediated model of listening comprehension. A review of correlational and intervention studies indicates that many language and cognitive abilities contribute to listening comprehension, together with operating memories, interest, vocabulary, syntactic information, inference, and comprehension of observance. Despite the limitation in variety, research indicates that those abilities are malleable. Active listening and comprehension form a crucial a part of reading and writing instruction, incorporating these are a couple of language and cognitive abilities. Guidance may further be used to improve modern literacy preparation, along with book reading or studying comprehension. The contribution of oral language in literacy development is indisputable in terms of concept and empirical evidence. Oral language, nevertheless, is a vast construct encompassing lexical, sentence, and discourse abilities. A lexical-degree oral language skill, vocabulary, has obtained plenty of interest in terms of theoretical ways of analyzing.