This book explores the delivery of universal primary education across the globe. In doing so, the book assesses the merits and demerits of providing a free, but compulsory, education to all. It also explores the origins of the universal primary education program including the Millennium Development Goals and the Sustainable Development Goals. The book shows how different countries have adopted different approaches in meeting this objective. Moreover, the book shows the possibilities and limitations of providing this type of educational entitlement to the poorest people on earth.